Ramgarh district (Hindi: रामगढ़ जिला) is one of the 24 districts in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It was also a military district during the British Regime, referred to then as Ramghur district.

ramgarh-jharkhand

Introduction and Geography

Ramgarh was made a district on 12 September 2007. It was carved out of erstwhile Hazaribagh District. Ramgarh lies at the heart of the Jharkhand State. It is a mining, industrial and cultural hub with the famous Maa Chhinnamasta Temple. The name Ramgarh means “The Fort of God Ram”. The district of Ramgarh has been named after the town Ramgarh, its present headquarters.

The district covers an area of 1360.08 km2.

Subdivision: Ramgarh

District Registration office is in Gola

Lok Sabha Constituencies: Hazaribagh

Vidhan Sabha Constituencies: Ramgarh, Mandu, Barkagaon

Ramgarh District has borders with:

North and West: Hazaribagh District, North and East: Bokaro District, East: Purulia District (West Bengal), South: Ranchi District

Administration

Blocks/Mandals

Ramgarh district consists of 06 BlocksThe following are the list of the Blocks in Ramgarh district:

  1. Ramgarh
  2. Gola
  3. Mandu
  4. Patratu
  5. Chitarpur
  6. Dulmi

History

Origin of name
The word Ram is derived from Murram and Gadh is derived from Beluagadha. There is enormous source of coal i.e. area of coal. In Hazaribagh district, there is sitagadha and Vishnugadha. It can be said keeping all name of Ramgarh was declared.

Ancient history
History of the Ramgarh District is closely linked with the beginning of human civilization in India.
Stone age: Along the river Damodar in Ramgarh early stone age (Lower Paleolithic) tools were found.

Mahajanapadas
The gigantic king Jarasandh was very powerful, Chotanagpur was in his jurisdiction probably the Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Mahapadam of Magadh. Nand Ugrasen of Nagwanshi’s.
Maurya Empire: It is also said that entire Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Ashoka the Great (c. 273 – c. 232 BC) so that in Budha period, there was also Ramgarh.
Buddhism and Jainism: It is certified by the symbolic relies of Buddha period in the temple of Gola. Probably in the 8th century BC. Jain Trithankar was constructed in Parasnath. It is clarified by this that in the beginning of Jainism, There is existence of Ramgarh.
Gupta Empire: King Samudragupta (c. 385 – c. 380 AD) had invader Eastern Deccan by passing through Ramgarh so that Ramgarh was Present at that time also. This period has been called the Golden Age of India.
In the Regime of the king of Mundaraj, Mudra Munda Ramgarh was present too. This fast is corroborated by the presence of Munda tribe in Ramgarh.
In Nagvanshi regime, too Ramgarh was present because Chhotanagpur was under control.

Medieval period
Muslim Regime:- In Turk-Afghan period (1206-1526 A.D.), Jharkhand the forest country was under subordination of ruler of that time. So, Ramgarh was present in that region too. The Ramgarh regime was established in 1368. The founder King of Ramgarh regime was King Bagdeo Singh. At that time the capital of Ramgarh was in Sira. The headquarters of capital was transferred in urda, Badam, Ramgarh and Padma one by one. In 1670 the headquarters of Ramgarh regime was transferred in Ramgarh. Ramgarh Regime also known as Padma Raja or Regime. In around 1740, Ramgarh was “Jungle District of Ramgarh”.

Modern era
British Regime:– The Power of obtaining reference from Ramgarh regime was given to East India Company by King Shah Alam II.

In 1771 Captain Comac was made Military Collector of Ramgarh District, whose headquarters was in Chatra. The military district of Ramgarh contained Nagpur, Palamoo, Hazaribagh, Chatra, Giridih and Kodarma. At that the headquarters of Ramgarh Battalion was Hazaribagh, whose commander was a European. The district name is often spelled “Ramghur” in English documents of the time.

“It appears that the great social reformer and the founder of the Brahm Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy was in Ramgarh in1805-06. He went there with Mr. William Digby who was then acting Magistrate and Registrar of Ramgarh. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the Sheristeder of the Collectorate and lived both at Cahtra and Ramgarh in this capacity when Mr. William Digby was transferred else here he took Ram Mohan Roy with him to his new place of work”.

In 1811, Ramgarh Battalion was used for suppressing the Munda Uraon and Tamad Revolt and Kol revolt. In 1837, Ramgarh was police station of British government. In 1938 new G.T. road was started and Banaras road was closed. It is worth mentioning the name of Lubia Manghi. Bainu Manjhi and Arjun Manjhi. In Sitagarh, the cropping of coffee was taking place. The name of Rupu Manjhi is famous in the first national revolt of 1857.

On 8Th January 1856, Sheik Bhikari and Thakur Upraon Singh were hanged on a Bunyan tree of Chhuttupalu valley. This valley is also known as lalki Ghaati and that Bunyan tree is called “Phansiyahi bore”.

Ramgarh Cant council was structured in 1941. There are two centers of Army training i.e.Sikh Regimental Centre (SRC) and Punjab Regimental Centre (PRC).

Indian National Congress 53rd Session

In 1940 INC 53rd Session was accomplished under the presidency of Maulana Abul Qalam Ajad at Jhanda Chowk, Ramgarh now Ramgarh Cant. Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Dr. Rajender Prasad, Sarojini Naidu, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Acharya J.B. Kripalani, Industrialist Jamnalal Bajaj and others greats leaders[14] of Indian freedom movement attended the Ramgarh Session.

Mahatma Gandhi also opened khadi and village Industries Exhibition at Ramgarh. Storm and hurricane was on the peak. At that time, under the leadership of Netajee Subhas Chandra Bose conference against Samjhauta was completed also. In Ramgarh, Subhsha Chandra Bose was seen as president of All India Forward Block and M.N. Roy was seen as leader of Radicle democratic party.

Post-independence
After independence in 1947, the territory of the present-day Ramgarh district became a part of erstwhile Hazaribagh district. In 1952 Ramgarh Block was created and in 1991 Ramgarh Subdivision was formed. Sikh Regimental Centre was shifted from Merrut to Ramgarh Cant in 1976. On 12 September 2007 Ramgarh was made district consisting Ramgarh, Gola, Mandu and Patratu Block, taking the total count of districts in the state to 24.

Babulal Marandi was the first Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Marandi enters assembly by winning Ramgarh by-poll.

Shibu Soren born in Nemra village of Ramgarh district became chief minister of Jharkhand three times and his son Hemant Soren also became Deputy Chief Minister (11 September 2010 – 18 January 2013) of Jharkhand.

In 2009 two new blocks Dulmi and Chitarpur were created, being carved out from Ramgarh block

On 13 September 2012 Ramgarh become first district of country where payment of Government Scheme like KCC and Indra Awash done through UID or Aadhaar card.

On 08.01.13 Jharkhand Government has taken decision to merge Dari block of Hazaribag district to Ramgarh District and creation of a new block Chaingada and Government has also taken decision to create new block Mahuatand craved out from Gomia block of Bokaro district and merge them to Ramgarh district but the decision is still pending because President’s rule was imposed in Jharkhand on 18 January 2013.

Hemant Soren (born in Nemara in Ramgarh district) was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 13 July 2013.

Physiography and Rivers

Physiography:
The district is a part of Chotanagpur plateau. Important physiographic regions of the district is Damodar Trough or Upper Damodar basin or simply Damodar Valley. Major area of the district comes under Damodar Valley. Damodar Valley is bounded by Hazaribag Plateau in north and Ranchi Plateau in south. Ranchi and Hazaribag plateau is separated by east–west running Damodar Valley.

Barka Pahar (Marang Buru) 1049 meters high above sea level located along the Ramgarh-Ranchi border is probably the highest peak, and it also separates the districts.

Rivers and river basins:
Damodar is the main river of the district and it also forms a major river basin, Comprising a number of tributaries. Important amongst them are: Naikari, Bhervi or Bhera and Bokaro river.

In Hindu mythology and folklore Damodar is a Nad means Male River.

Small Rivers are Hurhuri, Gomti, Barki, Kurum, Kochi, Sherbhuki, Dhobdhab etc.

Suwarn Rekha River flow south eastern part of district. Tributaries of Suwarn Rekha are Kadamgara, Khatgara etc.

Waterfalls:
Rajrappa Fall: On the confluence of the Bhairavi (Bhera) and Damodar Rivers.

Dam:
Naikari Dam, Patratu.

Geology and mineral resources

The district holds a strong position on the mineral map of the country. The district is endowed with a large and rich deposit of coal & coal bed methane (CBM) and also possesses various other minerals like Limestone, Fire Clay, etc.

The coalfields of the Ramgarh district lying in the Damodar Valley. The important geological formations of the district is Gondwana System and the rocks of the Damuda Group of Lower Gondwana age comprises the most important coal seams. The coal deposit of the district mainly found in South Karanpura, West Bokaro and Ramgarh coalfields.

Coal mines
The Coal India Ltd. subsidiary Central Coalfield Ltd divided the above coalfield into following Areas:-

South Karanpura coalfields

Barka Sayal Area:

  • Saunda D (formerly known as Bird Saunda[24]) Under Ground Mines
  • Saunda D Open Cast Mines. (Not in operation)
  • Central Saunda Under Ground Mines
  • Saunda Under Ground Mines
  • Sayal D Under Ground Mines
  • Urimari Under Ground Mines
  • Bhurkunda Open Cast Mines

Argada Area:

  • Sirka Open Cast Mines
  • Sirka Under Ground Mines
  • Argada Under Ground Mines

Ramgarh coalfields

Rajrappa Area:

  • Rajrappa Project (formerly known as Ramgarh Project) Open Cast Mines.
  • CCL Coal Washery:RajrappaWashery

West Bokaro coalfields

Kuju Area:

  • Sarubera Open Cast Mines
  • Sarubera Under Ground Mines
  • Ara Open Cast Mines
  • Kuiu Under Ground Mines
  • Topa Open Cast Mines
  • Topa Under Ground Mines
  • Pindra Open Cast Mines
  • Pindra Under Ground Mines
  • Pundi Open Cast Mines
  • Karma Open Cast Mines

Hazaribag Area:

  • Kedla Under Ground Mines
  • Kedla Open Cast Mines
  • Jharkhand Open Cast Mines
  • Laiyo Under Ground Mines
  • Parej East Open Cast Mines
  • Tapin North, OC
  • Tapin South, Mixed (OC & UG).

CCL Coal Washery: Kedla Washery

Tata Steel: West Bokaro (Ghato) open cast mines. Tata Steel has established country’s first coal washery at West Bokaro (Ghato) in 1951.

Mines Rescue Station (CCL): Naisarai, Ramgarh.

Rescue Room (CCL): Kedla.

Captive coal mining blocks
Captive Coal Blocks allocated to different company by Ministry of Coal, Government of India in the district are following:

  • Sugia: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Rauta: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Burakhap: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation
  • Kotre–Basantpur:TISCO (Tata steel)
  • Patratu: Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation

Coal-bed methane
Coal-bed Methane (CBM), is an eco-friendly natural gas, stored in coal seams, generated during the process of the coalification. ONGC is doing exploration work in South Karanpura Coalfields for CBM.

Underground coal gasification
Coal India Limited has identified two sites for developing UCG with Joint Venture Partners, Kaitha Block in Ramgarh coalfield under CCL command area is one of them.

Ramgarh district marked a substantial increase in collection of mining revenue on fiscal year 2014-15 as Rs 315 crore revenue collected till March 30, 2015 while mining revenue collection in previous fiscal year was 287 crore.

Mineral royalty and other minerals
Mineral royalty

  • 2011–12: Rs264 Crore
  • 2012–13: Rs278 Crore

Other minerals
Limestone: Isolated patches of limestone occur along a belt extending east and west parallel with the coal-fields.
Iron ore: In the Ramgarh, Bokaro and Karanpura coal-fields, nodules and lenticles of iron ore are found. At one time these were used by indigenous smelters.

Mineral Auction
The First auction (“Composite License” (Prospecting License- cum-Mining Lease) of any mineral block in the Country after the commencement of MMDR act 2015 done by Jharkhand Government in the District of Ramgarh. The two Limestone Blocks are:-
1) Hariharpur Lem Bicha block I
2) Hariharpur Lem Bicha block II

Successful bidder Company: Burnpur Cement, Patratu

Industries and Agriculture

Industries

Ramgarh is an important industrial district of East India. Several mineral based industries like Steel, Sponge Iron, Cement, Refractory and Thermal Power Plant etc. are established due to availability of Coal and other minerals. Important industrial unit of district are following:

Public sector undertaking

  • Patratu Thermal Power Station, Patratu
  • Steel authority of India (SAIL) Refractories: 1. IFCO, Marar 2. Bharat Refractories Ltd. Ranchi Road
  • C.C.L., Central Repair Work Shop, Barkakana

Private sector industries

  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited (JSPL): Balkudra, Patratu
  • Indo-Ashahee Glass Company, Bhadaninagar
  • Brahmaputra Metallics Ltd, Kamta, Gola
  • Jharkhand Ispat Private Limited, Hesla
  • Aloke Steels Industries Private Limited, Budhakhap, Karma
  • Maa Chhinnamastika Cement and Ispat Private Limited, Budhakhap, Karma
  • Sri Durga Cement Company Limited
  • DLF Power Limited, Rajrappa
  • DLF Power Limited, Argada
  • Anindita Trades & Investments Ltd. (Sponge Iron Unit),Senegarha
  • Chintpurani Steel Pvt. Ltd., Indra
  • Shri Venkatesh Iron & Alloys Ltd, Lapanga
  • Dayal Steels Ltd, Chaha
  • Sri Ram Power & Steel Pvt. Ltd, Sarubera
  • Redeemer Engisoft Pvt Ltd (Software Company), Ramgarh
  • Shree Nanak Ferro Alloys Pvt Ltd (Silico Manganese), Rauta, Ranchi Road, Ramgarh
  • Burnpur Cement, Patratu

Upcoming projects:

  • Mukund Ltd. (Bajaj Group) Steel Plant, Barlanga.
  • Inland Power Limited, Inland Nagar, Gola.
  • Karanpura Energy Limited (a wholly owned subsidiary of Jharkhand State Electricity Board): The project involves setting up of 2×660 MW Coal Based Thermal Power Project at villages Dhurmi.

Agriculture
The main occupation of the people of Ramgarh is cultivation. There are three main agricultural seasons in the district, 1) kharif, 2) rabi 3) zaid. Rice, maize, ragi, fruits and vegetables are the main crop[47] of the district.

Soils, climate, forests and wildlife

Soils and climate:
Soils: Mainly two type of soil found -Red Soil and Sand loam.
Climate: The area lies in the sub-humid region of Chotanagpur Plateau and enjoys semi-extreme type of climate. The day temperature rises around 40 °C during the summers and drops down to around 10 °C during the winter.

Three broad seasons can be recognized:

  • The winter season, November to February.
  • The hot season, March to May.
  • The rainy season, June to October.

Forests and wildlife:
The forest area of the district is 487.93 km2. The district is rich in flora and fauna. Government has planned a deer park in the district. The park will come up on 25 acres on Gola-Muri Road in Gola block. 30 villages in the district is tuskers (elephant) effected.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Ramgarh district has a population of 949,159, roughly equal to the nation of Fiji or the US state of Delaware. This gives it a ranking of 459th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 684 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,770/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.06%. Ramgarh has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.92%.

Transport

Rail
The district has very good network of railways. In 1927, Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR) opened the 72-mile (116 km) Chandil-Barkakana section to traffic. In the same year the Central India Coalfields (CIC) Railway opened the Gomoh-Barkakana line. It was extended to Daltonganj in 1929.Later it is extended to Sonnagar on Howrah-Delhi Grand Chord line and one more branch extended to singrauli from Garwa Road.

At present the district railway network is divided between two zone East Central Railways and South Eastern Railway.

Ramgarh Cantonment, Mael, Barkipona, Gola Road, Harubera, Sondimra and Barlanga Station come under Ranchi Division of SER.

Ranchi Road, Chainpur, Argada, Barkakana Junction, Bhurkunda, Patratu and Tokisud station come Under Dhanbad Division of ECR.

Barkakana is a Railway sub-division under Dhanbad division of East Central Railway zone.Doubling of Danea-Ranchi Road line has announced in the Railway Budget 2013-14.

New Rail Line Project
Ranchi-Tatisilwai-Mesra-Sidhwar-Barkakana-Kuju-Mandu-Hazaribag-Barhi-Koderma-Tilaiya Junction railway station(Bihar)
Ranchi-Koderma-|Tilaiya Junction railway station (Bihar) new rail line project of the state is passing through the district. The district portion between Sidhwar-Barkakana-Kuju and Mandu is on advance stage of completion. The distance between Ranchi and Barkakana by train will be reduce to half by this new rail line. Completion of this project will also shorten the distance between Barkakana, Patna and Delhi. The Bakhtiyarpur–Rajgir line was extended to Tilaiya in 2010. After completion of this line Barkakana will connected with Bakhtiyarpur. Rajgir, Biharsharif etc. Tilaiya Junction railway station is situated near Rajoli of Nawada district of Bihar,please do not be confused with Tilaiya, Tilaiya Dam, or Jhumri Tilaiya of Jharkhand.

Several new route will also open after the completion of this project which are following:-

New route for New Delhi:-

Barkakana-Kuju-Hazaribagh-Barhi-koderma-Gaya-NewDelhi

Three new route for Patna:-

a)Barkakana-Kuju-Hazaribag-Barhi-Koderma-Gaya-Jahanabad to Patna

b)Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya-Natesar-Rajgir-Nalanda-Biharsharif-Bhaktiyarpur-Fatuah to Patna

c)Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya-Natesar-Islampur-Fatuah to Patna (after compilation of Natesar-Islampur (21 km) rail line)

Three new route for Katihar,Saharsa, North East India and Nepal:-

a) Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya-Natesar-Rajgir-Biharsarif-Bhaktiyarpur-Barauni-Begusarai-Khagaria-Mansi to Saharsa and Katihar

b)Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya- Nawada-Shekhpura-Lakehesarai-Barauni-Begusarai-Khagaria-Mansi to Saharsa and Katihar

c) Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya- Nawada-Shekhpura-Lakehesarai-Kiul-Jamalpur –Munger-Sahebpur kamal-Khagaria-Mansi to Sharsha and Katihar

Two new route for Bhagalpur:-

a) Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya-Nawada-Shekhpura-Lakehesarai-Kiual-Jamalpur-Sultanganj-Bhagalpur

b) Barkakana –Koderma-Kawar-Giridih-Madhupur-Jashidih –Deogarh-Banka-Barahat to Bhagalpur(After compilation of Kawar- Gridih(approx 15 km) rail line)

Two New route for Muzafarpur and Dharbanga:-

a)Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya-Natesar-Rajgir-Biharsarif-Bhaktiyarpur-Barauni-Samastipur to Muzafarpur and Dharbhanga

b)Barkakana-Koderma-Tilaya- Nawada-Shekhpura-Lakehesarai-Barauni-Samastipur to Muzafarpur and Dharbhanga

New route for Deogarh and Dhumka:-

Barkakana –Koderma-Kawar-Giridih-Madhupur-Jashidih to Deogarh& Dumka(After compilation of Kawar- Giridih(approx 15 km) rail line)

Important railway station and train stoppage

Barkakana Junction Railway Station:

Barkakana junction is the only junction in the district.

Elevation: 342 m above sea level

Zone: ECR/East Central Division: Dhanbad

  • Barkakana-Patna, Palamu Express, (daily) Via:Daltonganj
  • Jabalpur-Howrah, Shaktipunj Express,(daily) Via:Dhanbad
  • Tatanagar-Raurkela-Jammutawi Express,(daily)
  • Ranchi-Delhi(Anand Vihar),Jharkhand Swarn Jayanti Express(three days)
  • Barkakana- Rajendranagar (Patna), Slip Express (daily) b) Rajendernagar (Patna)-Barkakana, Slip Express, (daily) Via:Gomo
  • Ranchi-Chopan Express (three days) b) Chopan-Ranchi Express (three days)
  • Sambalpur-Varanasi Express (two days) b) Varanasi-Sambalpur Express (two days)
  • Howrah-Bhopal Express (weekly) b) Bhopal-Howrah Express (weekly) Via:Dhanbad
  • Kolkatta-Ajmer Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Kolkatta Express (weekly) Via:Dhanbad
  • Kolkata-Ahmedabad Express (weekly) b) Ahmedabad KolkattaExpress (weekly) Via:Dhanbad
  • Sataragachi-Ajmer Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Santragachi Express (weekly):Via Tatanagar, Katni, Kota
  • Ranchi-Varanasi Express (four days) b) Varanasi-Ranchi Express (four days)
  • Ranchi-Ajmer Garib Nawaz Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Ranchi Grib Nawaj Express (weekly) Via:Varanasi, Agra Fort,Jaipur

Commercial Stoppage started from 1st October 2016

a) Rajdhani Express : Ranchi-New Delhi-Ranchi

b) Garib Rath : Ranchi-New Delhi-Ranchi

Ramgarh Cantt Railway Station:

Ramgarh cant railway station situated at Bijulia near NH33. It is around one km from city bus stand:

  • Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jammutawi Express, (daily) b) Jammutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)
  • Ranchi-Delhi (Anand Vihar),Jharkhand Swarn Jayanti Express(three days) b) Delhi (Anand-Vihar)-Ranchi,Jharkhand Swarn Jayanti Express(three days)
  • Ranchi-Chopan Express (three days) b) Chopan-Ranchi Express (three days)
  • Sambalpur-Varanasi Express (two days) b) Varanasi-Sambalpur Express (two days)
  • Ranchi-Varanasi Express (four days) b) Varanasi-Ranchi Express (four days)
  • Ranchi-Ajmer Garib Nawaz Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Ranchi Garib Nawaz Express (weekly) Via:Varanasi, Agra Fort, Jaipur

Ranchi Road Railway Station:

Ranchi Road Railway station is situated in the Northern side of the Ramgarh city . In 1927, the Central India Coalfields Railway opened the Gomoh-Barkakana line. Jharkhand capital Ranchi was once connected only by narrow gauge line and at that time Ranchi Road Railway station was the nearest Broad gauge station to the Ranchi City.

  • Jabalpur-Howrah, Shaktipunj Express (daily) b) Howrah-Jabalpur, Shaktipunj Express, (daily)
  • Barkakana- Rajendranagar (Patna), Slip Express (daily) b) Rajendernagar (Patna)-Barkakana, Slip Express, (daily)

Patratu Railway Station:

  • Barkakana-Patna, Palamu Express, (daily) b) Patna-Barkakana, Palamu Express, (daily)
  • Jabalpur-Howrah, Shaktipunj Express (daily) b) Howrah-Jabalpur, Shaktipunj Express, (daily)
  • Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jammutawi Express, (daily) b) Jammutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)
  • Ranchi-Delhi (Anand Vihar), Jharkhand Swarn Jayanti Express b) Delhi (Anand-Vihar)-Ranchi, Jharkhand Swarn Jayanti Express
  • Sambalpur-Varanasi Express (two days) b) Varanasi-Sambalpur Express (two days)
  • Ranchi-Chopan Express (three days) b) Chopan-Ranchi Express (three days)
  • Ranchi-Varanasi Express (four days) b) Varanasi-Ranchi Express (four days)
  • Ranchi-Ajmer Garib Nawaz Express (weekly) b) Ajmer-Ranchi Garib Nawaj Express (weekly)

Burkunda Railway Station:

  • Barkakana-Patna, Palamu Express, (daily) b) Patna-Barkakana, Palamu Express, (daily)

Gola Road Railway Station:

  • Tatanagar-Raulkela-Delhi-Jammutawi Express, (daily) b) Jammutawi-Delhi-Raulkela-Tatanagar Express, (daily)

Roads
Road are the major means of transportation in the district. Three major expressways (NH33, NH23 & SH2) pass through the district. State Highways Authority of Jharkhand (SHAJ) is planning to construct a four-lane road between Patratu and Dhanbad via Sayal, Naya mor, Chas mor and Raj ganj.

National Highway

Main National Highways crossing the district are NH-33 and NH-23.

National Highway 23 connects with NH 33 at Mahatma Gandhi Chowk, Ramgarh Cant.

  • National Highway 33: (District portion) Mandu-Kuju-Ramgarh to Chutupalu. Four lane construction work almost completed except Ramgarh city bypass.
  • National Highway 23: (District portion) Ramgarh-Chitarpur-Gola. Land acquisition work for four lane is going on in the district.

State highway and other important roads

  • State Highway No.2: Ramgarh-Barkakana-Bhurkunda-Patratu-kanke-Ranchi (Four lane work under construction)57 km
  • Naisari (Ramgarh)-Argada-Sirka-Giddi A Road 17.40 km
  • Kuju (Naya Mor)-Ara-Sarubera-Kedla-Ghato-Jharkhand Colliery-Laiyo Road
  • Kuju (Naya Mor)-Religara Road
  • Ghato-Parej-Tapin-Charhi Road
  • Chitarpur (Rajrappa Mor)-Rajrappa Project-Rajrappa Mandir Road
  • Gola-Rajrappa Mandir Road. (Do not go Rajrappa Mandir during rainy season by this road)
  • Gola-Muri Road
  • Gola-Sikidri-Ormanjhi Road

Air

Birsa Munda Airport (45 km) at Ranchi is the nearest Airport. Direct links are available to prominent cities such as Delhi, Patna, Mumbai and Kolkata.

Data Source: WikiPedia

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