Palamu is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was formed in 1892.The administrative headquarter is Daltonganj, situated on koel river.
The district lies between 23°50′ and 24°8′ north latitude and between 83°55′ and 84°30′ east longitude. It is bordered on the north by Sone River & Bihar and on the east by the Chatra and Hazaribagh districts, on the south by Latehar District and on the west by Garhwa District.
The district covers an area of 5043.8 km² and has a population of 1,533,176. Daltonganj, situated on the North Koel river is the district headquarters.
National protected area
Betla National Park
Palamu district consists of 21 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Palamu district:
- Bishrampur block
- Chainpur block
- Chatarpur block
- Medininagar block
- Haidernagar block
- Hariharganj block
- Hussainabad block
- Lesliganj block
- Manatu block
- Mohammadganj block
- Naudiha Bazar block
- Nawa Bazar block
- Padwa block
- Pandu block
- Panki block
- Patan block
- Pipra block
- Satbarwa block
- Tarhasi block
- Untari Road block
- Ramgarh block
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Palamu one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 24 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Palamu district has a population of 24,36,319, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho or the US state of West Virginia. This gives it a ranking of 243rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 381 inhabitants per square kilometre (990/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.94%. Palamu has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.5%.
Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austroasiatic language spoken by approximately 17 000 in India, largely in the southern part of Palamu; and [Magahi Language] group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.
The only university in Medininagar (Daltonganj) is Nilamber-Pitamber University, created on the 17th of January, 2009. The Chief Minister of Jharkhand declared that the Nilamber-Pitamber University would be set up in Medininagar (Daltonganj) in 2001. There are 66 primary schools, 30 middle schools, 17 Navsirijit schools, 10 high schools and 1 Engineering College in the Daltonganj block. The main colleges in Daltonganj include:
- GLA College
- Women’s College(Old Garhwa Road)
- BN College
- Janta Shivratri College
- DAV Engineering College (Betla Road)
- RCIT Engineering College (Bishrampur)
- RIIT Engineering College “Rastriya Institute of Information Technology & Engineering” Redma near Kali Mandir Daltonganj
- Nilambar Pitambar University
- RIIT Kids School of IT Expert & Programmer with Mid-brain Activation
- RIIT Computer Centre” Redma near Kali temple Daltonganj
- RIIT Kids School of IT Expert Redma near Kali temple Daltonganj
Data Source: Wikipedia