Bokaro district (Hindi: बोकारो जिला) is one of the most industrialized zone in India. It is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was established in 1991 by carving out one subdivision consisting of two blocks from Dhanbad District and six blocks from Giridih District. Bokaro Steel City is the district headquarters. The district has a population of about 2 million (2011 census). Bokaro is famous for its Steel Plant which is the biggest in Asia. It is the fourth integrated public sector steel plant in India built with Soviet help. It is also famous for its quality educational system. Besides,it is also a popular tourist destination for people from Eastern Region and also foreigners. Bokaro houses companies like Steel Authority of India, Bharat Refractories Limited, Hindustan Steelworks Construction Limited, Damodar Valley Corporation, subsidiaries of Coal India Limited, Electrosteel Castings Limited, Bokaro Power Supply Company Pvt. Limited (BPSCL), Indian Explosive Limited, Jaypee Group, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation and many more. Some big corporates are also setting up there industries here, such as – ArcelorMittal 12ml/t steel plant, Posco 3ml/t steel plant and SAIL greenfield steel plant of 12 ml/t are coming soon around the city. In the next five Bokaro alone contribute half of the steel production of the country. Bokaro industrial area is located in Bokaro steel city established by state public sector BIADA (Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority). Around 500 SSI units are situated in this industrial area and they are having good infrastructural support Bokaro Steel City is also the Police HQ of Chhotanagpur Division. The Chief Executive of the district is the Deputy Commissioner (District Magistrate/Collector). The present Deputy Commissioner is Mr. Rai Mahimapat Ray- an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).
Bokaro district covers a geographical area of 2883 km². The average altitude of the land is 210 metres from mean sea level.
The district has a maze of valleys and sub-valleys formed by the River Damodar and its tributaries. They form an important source of water for the industries and townships which have sprung up on its banks in the last few decades. Some hills and hillocks rise above the gentle valley making it a panoramic landscape to view.
The population is drawn from all parts of India. The population is well educated and urbane. The population was 1,777,662 in 2001 census, growing to 2,062,330 in 2011.
Bokaro district consists of 09 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Bokaro district:
- Bermo Block
- Chas Block
- Chandankiyari Block
- Chandrapura Block
- Gomia Block
- Jaridih Block
- Kasmar Block
- Nawadih Block
- Petarwar Block
Bokaro Steel Plant Bokaro district has a large steel plant, Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL), controlled by the Steel Authority of India Limited; and several other medium and small industries. The district has already emerged prominently on the industrial map of India.
Electrosteel Castings Limited Apart from the existing Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL), the district has Electrosteel Castings Limited (EIL) in Chandankiyari(15 km from the City) which is expected to commence production soon.
Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Private Limited, BPSCL Power Plant is located in the premises of Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) and has an aggregate installed capacity to generate 302MW of power besides 660 Tonne per Hour (TPH) of steam.The Plant has 8 boilers (5 boilers each of 220 TPH and 3 boilers each of 260 TPH capacity) and 6 turbine generators (one 12 MW back Pressure Turbine Generator (TG), 2 TGs each of 55MW capacity and 3 TGs each of 60 MW capacity).
BIADA The primary economy is supplemented by BIADA (Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority) governing three districts, namely, Bokaro, Dhanbad, and Giridih — which is an industrial area supplying most of the industrial supplies for the large, medium and small companies, and there are some small mills making finished products out of steel as well as cement from the slag. BIADA is administratively controlled by Managing Director (MD) BIADA who is a senior officer of the IAS. Presently Mr. Rajkamal Arava is the MD of BIADA since February 2013.
Thermal Power Plants Apart from these units Bokaro also has large Thermal Power Plants –
- Bokaro Thermal(BTPS)
- Tenughat Thermal(TTPS)
- Chandrapura Thermal(CTPS)
and New one SAIL-DVC Thermal.
Indian Explosive Limited Gumia is famous for its biggest explosive plant in India.
In 2006 the Indian government named Bokaro one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Bokaro Steel Plant Modernization and extend its capacity from 4.5 MT to 7.5 MT before 2011. In the same way, further plan for SAIL to extend BSL capacity to 17 MT before 2020. Apart from this a SAIL Greenfield steel plant is planned to set up before 2015, capacity of 5 MT. So before 2020 BSL total capacity goes up to 22 MT, appx. double the present capacity (13 MT) of SAIL all Steel Plants.
ArcelorMittal Steel giant ArcelorMittal is looking to set up a 12 million tonne greenfield plant in Bokaro. The company is now looking for 8,000 acres (32 km2) of land but primarily take 2,500-acre (10 km2) of land at Petarwar/Kasmar (in Bokaro district) just 20 km from City, nearby on NH-23. The Company has been allocated 32-35 million cubic meter (mcm) of water to be drawn from the Tenughat dam. In Another move ArcelorMittal also taking an initiative to utilise the spare land of SAIL by establishing a new steel plant of 3-4 ml/ton capacity of 50:50 JV with PSU in BSL premises itself by the investment of $2.7 billion. Tata Steel- NDTV learnt from sources that Tata Steel wants to set up a steel plant with a capacity of 2-3 million tonnes at an investment of up to Rs. 14,000 crore in Bokaro along with SAIL. The jointly owned plant is proposed to come up on a 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) plot of land that belongs to SAIL.
Reliance Steel Plant Billionaire Anil Ambani-promoted Reliance Infrastructure has identified three potential sites in Jharkhand for setting up the Rs 40,000-crore, 12 million tonne integrated greenfield steel project in which most appropriate and final location is Bokaro(On NH-23, Near Damodar Bridge).
SAIL-POSCO JV Steel Plant steel minister Virbhadra Singh last month announced another new steel plant for Bokaro as part of a joint venture with Posco and SAIL by using FINEX technologies for high quality steel. The Capacity of Steel plant will be 1.5 mt, establish in BSP peripheri of 500 acres (2.0 km2).
Bhushan Steel has also acquired land for its steel plant, capacity of 3MT/annum.
DVC and SAIL has a joint venture of 50:50 to extend the capacity of Bokaro power plant from 500 MW to 1000 MW.
ONGC has started exploring Methane Gas for Commercial use from Parbhatpur (10 km from Bokaro).
SEZ : Jharkhand government’s second SEZ after Jamshedpur is planned to set up in BIADA in 500 acres (2.0 km2) land. Software Technology Park- Buoyed by the success of the software technology park (STPI) in the state capital, the government is planning to set up two more STPIs — one in Jamshedpur and the other in Bokaro. The Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority (Biada) to make land available for the projects. It has suggested availability of land in the Balidih industrial area, where the ancillary units of Bokaro steel plant are housed.
Being an industrial area, agriculture has taken a back seat and is nothing worth mentioning except small amounts of paddy grown in the fringes of the city by the villagers.
According to the 2011 census Bokaro district has a population of 2,062,330, roughly equal to the nation of Botswana or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 222nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 716 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,850/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.99%. Bokaro has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.48%.
Besides the steel plant, Bokaro is also known for what the students from the city have achieved over the years . The students from the city schools are well known to excel in numerous public competitive examinations especially in engineering and medical streams. The city has a number of schools affiliated to the central and state education boards.
Some Reputed Schools
- BRL DAV Public School,Bhandaridah- Bokaro
- DAV Public School, Bokaro – Sec 4 & 6
- St. Xavier’s School – Sec.1
- Adarsh Vidya Mandir – Chas, Bokaro
- The Pentecostal Assembly School, Bokaro – Sec.12
- Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Bokaro – Sec.5
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Bokaro – Sec 2, 3, & 9
- Kendriya Vidyalaya – No.1 & 3
- Delhi Public School – Sec.4 & 5
- M G M Higher Secondary School – Sec. 4
- Sree Ayyappa Public School – Sec. 5
- GGPS – Sec.5 & Chas
- Holy Cross School – Balidih
- Bokaro Ispat Vidyalayas — Sec.1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12
- ARS Public School — BSL LH.
Colleges & Institutes
- College of Management & Computer Education (CMCE), Near K. K. Singh Colony, Chira Chas, Bokaro
- Chas College Chas,Diwangang,Bokaro
- Bokaro Steel City College — Sec.6
- Bokaro Mahila College — Sec.3
- Women’s College — Sec.5
- RBS College — Sec 12
- Bokaro Institute of Technology — Marafari
- Indian Engineers Institute;— Sec.5
- Guru Gobind Singh Technical Campus — Kandra, Chas,Bokaro
- Bibi Amina Law College — Sec.6
- Birsa Munda Dental College — Sec.8
- Dental College — Sec.6
- Bokaro Girls Polytechnic — Balidih
- B S City Chapter Of Cost Accountants (For ICWAI);— Sec.5
- Visthapit college, Balidih
Bokaro is the education hub for IIT-JEE, AIEEE and AIPMT aspirants in Jharkhand.
The city has many technical institutes providing training in the field of Software, Hardware & Multimedia. There are many small institutes providing coaching to those preparing for competitive examinations and also teaching how to speak English. Most of these institutes are located in and around the City Centre, which is at the heart of Bokaro.
Bokaro is a dream destination for IIT JEE and CBSE Medical Aspirants as the education here is quite focused towards competitive exams. The district also boasts of very large expatriate population in US, UAE, Europe, Australia and New Zealand.
Few famous places in Bokaro
- City Park:- This place is located in Sector 1 and every year there is a Basant Mela Festival which happens there.
- Jawahar Nehru Biological Park (Javik Udyan):- This is a very famous Zoo in Bokaro,this is totally maintained by SAIL.
- Jagannath Temple:- It is a popular tourist attraction, this temple looks exactly like the Jagannath Temple in Puri, Orrisa.
- City Centre:- As the name suggest this is located at the centre of the city, you can find many good food joints, big stores for shopping, Big Bazzar and many other shops where you can do a nice shopping.
- Garga Dam:-You can find beautiful green surroundings and plenty of aquatic animals.
Data Source:- Wikipedia